The United Kingdom is made up of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It occupies all of the island of Great Britain and the northeast part of the island of Ireland, sharing a land border with the Republic of Ireland. The United Kingdom is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean.
The United Kingdom¡¦s population is about 58 million people, the third largest in the European Union (behind Germany and France). The overall population density is one of the highest in the world. About a quarter of the population lives in England¡¦s prosperous south-east. Its official language is English.
England has a temperature climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round. Temperature rarely falls below -15 ¢XC and will only rise above 34 ¢XC in the height of the summer. Snowfall can occur in winter and early spring, though it is not that common away from high ground.
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The transport system in the United Kingdom is well developed. A radial road network of main roads is centred on London, Edinburgh and Belfast, whilst, in Great Britain, a motorway network is centred on Birmingham and London. The National Rail network of 10,072 route miles in Great Britain and 189 route miles in Northern Ireland carries over 18,000 passenger and 1,000 freight trains daily. Urban rail networks are also well developed in London and several other cities. Heathrow Airport is the world's busiest international airport, and the UK has a considerable network of ports. Coaches are widely used also.